“A small portion of Putin’s nuclear weapons will be enough to change life on Earth.”

“I order the Defense Minister and Chief of Staff to put Russian deterrence on special combat alerts,” Vladimir Putin demanded this Sunday in an interview with military leaders on television. .. “OK,” replied Defense Minister Sergey Shoygu.

This Sunday afternoon, the fourth day of the fighting in Ukraine, this order from Vladimir Putin, which he justifies as a response to “NATO’s militant declaration” and economic sanctions against Russia, is a new international shock wave. I created it. “This is a dangerous rhetoric. It’s an irresponsible act,” declared NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, a Norwegian.

Jean-Marie Colin, expert on nuclear disarmament, ICAN-French spokesperson (French section of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons,) 20 minutes This new escalation of tension.

Should the “nuclear deterrence” be clearly understood by the deterrence of the Russian army?

Yes, no doubt. These deterrents of the Russian army caused by Vladimir Putin are certainly all nuclear weapons equipment owned by Russia. Attack levels include ground missiles, strategic bombers, nuclear ballistic missile submarines, and surface ships. Today, Putin possesses the world’s first nuclear weapon with over 6,000 warheads, including 1,600. It has already been deployed. That is, it can be used quickly. And Russia has this ability to reach every corner of the globe with a nuclear submarine, and only a small percentage of this weapon will be sufficient to change life on Earth.

[1945年の日本の広島と長崎の都市の原爆投下のイメージを簡単に思い浮かびます…今日、国家の手にある核兵器ははるかに強力ですか?

はい、非常に明確です。 兵器システムに応じて、ロシアの手にある特定の兵器について、4、10、さらには25を掛けた力について話している。 しかし、それは力だけではありません。 今日、核兵器は、主に都市で、軍事および民間のインフラストラクチャを攻撃することを目的としています。 しかし、これらすべてまたは少なくともその近くには、1945年には日本には存在しなかった敏感なインフラストラクチャが今日存在します。原子力発電所、石油または化学サイトはセベソに分類されます [sites industriels présentant des risques d’accidents majeurs].. It’s also something you should keep in mind when talking about nuclear threats: this chain of potential disasters. And if Putin targets Europe and North America this Sunday, any nuclear attack will have some form of consequence for all nations on Earth. A nuclear winter * can occur even if there is an influx of refugees, food supply disruptions, and even some attacks and responses. To say that is not a catastrophism. These elements have been repeated over the last 15 years during the International Committee of the Red Cross, the United Nations, or a conference on the humanitarian consequences of nuclear weapons. Nuclear power plants are aware of these risks and have been playing with fire for years.

Since the Cuban missile crisis [du 14 au 28 octobre 1962]Is this the first time the nuclear threat has been upset by such forces?

Indeed, there was this Cuban missile crisis, and for 15 days we were very close to the use of nuclear weapons. Especially on October 27, when an American plane was shot down over Cuba during a reconnaissance mission. We are in a similarly tense situation today, not starting this Sunday with this order from Vladimir Putin. Already last week in an interview with Russian President Emmanuel Macron, the former recalled that Russia had nuclear weapons. He then does it again. Our Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian replied, “Putin had to understand that the Atlantic Alliance is also a nuclear alliance.” Of course, there you can see a demonstration of power and an expression of this belief that this nuclear weapon is exactly what prevents the nation from going to war. The problem, on the contrary, is that there is a Russian president whose rationality raises questions. In this way, we reach this new level that crossed this Sunday. As with the 1962 missile crisis, we rely on luck and hope that the threat will never be carried out.

What should NATO countries do to begin to ease tensions?

The first is to urge Putin to remove his nuclear alertness. It is also hoped that NATO countries will not obey Russia in this escalation and will prepare nuclear weapons. There is also an urgent need to initiate a true negotiation process to end this conflict in Ukraine. But above all, in the long run, it will eventually be necessary to implement nuclear disarmament. There is already a United Nations Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (heaven). It was ratified by about 50 states in October 2020 and entered into force on January 22, 2021. But France, the United States, China, Russia and the United Kingdom have done everything to prevent this treaty from succeeding. In July, the first state conference to ratify Heaven will be held. We hope that at least these nuclear powers, including France, will participate as at least observers. They can understand why the majority of countries want this military denuclearization.