Dangers, good practices … what you need to know when playing sports in hot weather

France is suffocating. The peak heat is expected from Friday to Saturday, but 23 French provinces are on alert for an orange “heat wave” on Wednesday, June 15. “Very intense early waves, lasting at least 5 days”, Settled in the area indicated by Météo France, the temperature is “35 and 40 ° C in three quarters” From the country.

In this context, the practice of physical activity is not recommended by professionals. “Cardiologists recommend that you do not engage in strenuous physical activity above 30 degrees.” Intense heat prevention video released by the Ministry of Sports on Tuesday highlights sports doctor Roland Kursentowski. “Absolutely, you need to avoid it, Check out Emmanuel Debost, a sports doctor at Plombières-lès-Dijon (Côte d’Or). Excludes swimming practice and sports in air-conditioned rooms.

Dehydration is one of the main dangers. If you forget to drink enough water while exercising in the heat, you will slow down your sweating. This is an essential process for the natural cooling of the body. From then on, the body experiences hyperthermia, an increase in body temperature. “This can cause hydroelectric power failure, that is, electrical damage to the heart, kidneys, etc. The danger is to cause cardiac arrest.” Emmanuel Devost continues.

Skin burns are another risk. “We are more and more Beware of specialists.. I feel like I can withstand the heat in the relative winds, running shirtless without wearing a hat, but if I stop, sunstroke and burns can be very important. “QRisks are significant, regardless of age. “correct Emmanuel Devost.

For high-level athletes, the risk is low. “A body that is trained, prepared, and monitored is less likely to feel sick, even if it does.That doesn’t mean it won’t happen“, Stephen Diagana, who became world champion in the 400-meter hurdles in 1997, explains.. Especially because athletes are accustomed to preparing to compete in such weather conditions.

“The more you train in these conditions, the more your body will be able to find ways to avoid or limit risk or delay the arrival of risk.”

World champion Stephane Diagana in the 400 meters hurdles

at franceinfo: Sports

Athletes often train with high fever for competitions where such temperatures are expected. “This is done in a thermal chamber where you can not only observe how the body evolves, but also secure and train to optimize it.”detail Stephane Diagana. Preparations cannot prevent certain failures in extreme situations such as Frenchman Yohann Diniz while walking 50 km at the World Athletics Championships in Doha in 2019.30 pm

For those who still want to practice in the heat wave, some advice needs to be applied: well hydrated, choose a cold training time, practice in the shade, reduce time and intensity .. Finally, you need to protect your head and body with light and loose clothing.

Good recovery is also essential. “After practice, you should put yourself in the shade and take a shower with lukewarm water for at least 30 minutes to cool down.Low blood pressure”, Supports Emmanuel Debost. “If you have deep dehydration and drink a lot, your recovery time will be longer.” Add Stephane Diagana. And the former athlete remembers the dehydrated body “I will not rehydrate in an hour or two.”