Do you require the required time for RSA beneficiaries?Why not so simple

Emmanuel Macron wants to impose a “15-20 hours” coercion in exchange for RSA. Ane and Alsace have already implemented such measures, but are already aware of their limitations.

At the top of all polls, candidate Emmanuel Macron has already set his first goal for a possible next five-year term. The first of them: full employment. “We’re already halfway through, we can reach it,” this Monday morning, chairman of the LaREM group of the BFMTV-RMC’s Christoph Castanel Parliament.

Therefore, to get there, the Head of State conditioned Active Solidarity Income (RSA) to “an obligation to spend 15-20 hours a week on activities that would allow us to move towards the integration of professionals.” I promise to tighten the conditions.

“It’s an essential tool and I refuse to fall into bad trials and caricatures. Helping someone with integration is always better than giving them a allowance. The allowance is a coward’s reaction.” Christopher Castañer guarantees.

For € 565.34 per month (for one person), RSA is the last safety net for those who are not working. Theoretically, all beneficiaries must seek employment or take the necessary actions for social and professional integration.

Full-scale test

According to the December 2021 count, 1.91 million people in France are benefiting from RSA, an increase of 600,000 from 2010. Therefore, for Macron candidates, it must be possible to get out of “instability” by adjusting RSA. Another-hidden-purpose of this measure is to reduce the weight of social minimums in public finance.

In reality, Macron is not the first person to demand such a measure … or even implement it. Currently, the European community of Alsace and the department of Aene have set the conditions for granting RSA paid at the department level (except Seine-Saint-Denis).

In 2016, Eric Straumann (LR), President of the Oran Provincial Assembly, was the first person to break the taboo by demanding seven hours of volunteer work a week. “7 hours a week isn’t that much. I’m sure there’s no shortage of activity. There are many organizations that are short of weapons,” he assured at the time.

Soon the decision turned into a legal dispute, and the governor challenged the decision in front of the administrative court. In 2018, the State Council finally agreed with the department (later merged with Baran to create the European community in Alsace), but the controversy had already turned the president back: Finally, volunteers are voluntary. .. Ane followed the movement under the impetus of President Nicholas Flicoteaux of the Division Council.

Therefore, RSA adjustment is not mandatory in either case. Not surprisingly, the number of beneficiaries who have accepted this measure is quite small, with 1,300 (or 3%) beneficiaries of Oran.

Countless exceptions?

This can be explained not only by the simple refusal of the people involved, but also by the fact that it is not suitable for the work of many people. “The percentage of RSA beneficiaries who show psychological distress is particularly high, 36% of the remaining 14% of the population,” the DREES report emphasized in 2014. In the 2018 decision, the State Council also made a distinction between those who can and cannot work.

Legally, the State Council has verified the RSA conditioning. In fact, with many exceptions, it may look like a gas factory.

“For example, take into account the situation of a single mother with two children who cannot have the same availability by the same means,” says Christoph Castaner.

How about housewives and housewives? Do they have to choose between RSA and child custody?

And even if you only take half of the beneficiaries, the problem is finding enough overnight to make up one million people who aren’t necessarily mobile due to lack of cars and public transport. ..

“Today we can’t provide enough solutions. The day we have enough solutions, I think we can get more incentives,” said Nicholas Flicoteaux. Explains to TF1.

Finally, does the (still fictitious) government appointed by Emmanuel Macron run the risk of rejecting these times or depriving those who cannot complete all of them a minimum of self-sufficiency? So many questions that promise more than complex reforms …

Thomas le Roy Journalist BFM Business