“Europe has become a historic turning point in its history, and we have realized that its survival is at stake,” says European experts.

“Europe is at a historic turning point in its history, and we realize that its survival is at stake.”Patrick Martin-Genier, Teacher of Sciences Po and INALCO, European Expert, Author, Estimated, Tuesday evening, March 1st, at franceinfo Does Europe have a future? Available from the Studyrama edition. The European Union has severely sanctioned the Russian economy for several days. Bruno Le Mer, Minister of Economy, “Economic and financial war” He describes it as “causing the collapse of the Russian economy.”

franceinfo: Five days after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine began, are we witnessing an awakening in Europe?

Patrick Martin Jennie: Yes, Europe is really at a turning point in history. For me, a European construction historian, it is the first time in history that I have seen Europe send weapons to Ukraine, which is very important. Europe realized that its survival was at stake and woke up to “export weapons and support Ukraine.” It was necessary to persuade certain reluctant countries and governments about the very heavy economic and fiscal sanctions that were decided. There were Hungary, Cyprus, and especially Germany, but it has improved considerably in itself. Today we are facing Russia, an invader. This is the European Union, which recognizes that it has a very important and significant impact on the Russian economy, so it is taking very strong and very powerful measures, not symbolic.

Is the fate of the European Union at stake in this war at its borders?

It is at stake because we recognize that it is in the heart of Europe that is being attacked today. With this military attack, crime and Ukraine’s Vladimir Putin, we must say that we have reached a European country culturally. That is, we are well aware that the threat of Vladimir Putin is a conflict that can degenerate and affect Europe, and especially NATO countries. We are not affected by major conflicts that degenerate into generalized conflicts. We recognize that Europe is at stake, and there are additional historical caveats. Remember the Korean War. There was also a feeling that Europe was very vulnerable and that it helped to revive the European defense debate. Today it is exactly the same. We recognize that Europe is so vulnerable that we need to move towards greater strategic autonomy. Strengthening defense and its strategic autonomy is essential. Thanks to Mr Putin, we wake up and tell ourselves, “We must move forward and strengthen Europe’s autonomy and strength.”

Recently, Hungary and Poland have taken a rebellious stance against the Union, but what is happening in Ukraine will help close the class?

We intend to put the differences between these countries under the bushel, especially when it comes to the independence of judges, the independence of the press and the respect for minorities. But today’s urgency is to tell ourselves, “We are at risk of military conflict and aggression and are facing hybrid warfare.” The priority is to achieve unanimous and solidarity with Ukraine against Russia. Today we have no choice but to unite to confront this attack.