Sanctions, weapons, humanitarian aid … the subject of a table of negotiations between Westerners in Brussels

A rare intensity diplomatic marathon. Three summits, NATO, G7 and the European Union, will be held in Brussels, Belgium, on Thursday, March 24, a month after the Russian troops launched an attack on Ukrainian soil. For Western leaders, these international conferences at the highest level are an opportunity to move forward on some issues that may divide the attitude of the invader Vladimir Putin towards Russia. Franceinfo covers the main topics at the heart of the discussion.

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New economic sanctions on Russia

US President Joe Biden flew to Europe on Wednesday.“Imposing new sanctions on Russia” With “Strengthen existing sanctions”, To prevent Moscow from bypassing them, he announced his national security adviser, Jake Sullivan. The fact remains that after the first package of very strict economic and financial sanctions, the options for adjusted retaliation are diminished. Especially because some European countries are very dependent on Russian gas.

Washington has certainly decided to ban Russia’s hydrocarbon imports, and the United Kingdom has announced that it will end Russia’s energy imports by the end of 2022. But Europe has so far refused to order a ban on Russia’s imports. They provide 40% of natural gas requirements and 30% of oil. However, Emmanuel Macron did not deny that the European Union could later attack gas and oil imports. “Nothing is forbidden, nothing is taboo”He launched in Versailles on March 11, after a two-day meeting with European leaders.

To do so Reduced European dependence on Russian hydrocarbons,The United States, like the European Commission, may arrive with a proposal.. Joe Biden will announce “Joint Action to Strengthen Energy Security in Europe”Said His national security adviser..As for the European Commission and member states, they will take “Coordinated measures to ensure adequate levels of gas storage”, from here “Next winter”, not only “Work on joint purchase” Especially of gas “Introduce the necessary solidarity mechanism“And, according to the draft conclusions that France Television was able to consult, develop the interconnection of their networks.

Delivery of “attack weapons” to Ukraine

The issue of military assistance provided to Kyiv should be at the center of the discussion at the NATO summit on Thursday, especially providing the anti-aircraft defense system needed to counter the aerial domination of the Russian army, military force Ukrainian army. Blessed than.

But, like the economic level, the military power and margins of Westerners are different. So how can we do more? How can we further support the Ukrainian army after a major strategic reversal by a particular country, such as Germany, which has decided to significantly increase defense spending, and the announcement of mass arms deliveries?

Joe Biden reiterates that direct military conflicts with Russia, for example through no-fly zones, have been eliminated. However, the President of the United States has added 800 million military aid to the already advanced 200 million.This one billion dollars will come “For some reason, an option that was considered too risky to escalate with Russia to make up for not delivering fighters to Ukraine and creating no-fly zones.”Explains Loic de la Mornais, correspondent for France Television in Washington.

Before the extraordinary NATO summit, the Ukrainian President’s Chief of Staff became a Westerner “Attack weapon”, “Deterrence” Facing Moscow. “Our army and our citizens maintain their position with superhuman courage, but without potential deterrent intermediate-range missiles, in war without offensive weapons. You can’t win. “Appealed to Andriy Yermak in a video released on Telegram on Tuesday night.

“Without a” lend lease “type of program, we can only protect ourselves.” He insisted. This weapons program was established by the United States at the beginning of World War II to provide military support to the Allies. “Without a reliable air defense system that can shoot down enemy missiles over long distances, long-term effective defense is impossible.”Claim Andrie Jermac..

but, “We are not given them”He lamented. “Let them not give us an airplane”, He added. This request has been systematically rejected at this stage by Westerners who do not want to intervene in Ukraine militarily for fear of expanding conflict with Russia.

Russia’s position in the G20

To strengthen sanctions, Joe Biden’s national security adviser mentioned on Tuesday the possibility of Russia’s exclusion, especially from international organizations. The G20 is a compilation of the 20 largest economies in the world.washInton intends to consult his allies on this point. “We believe that Russia cannot act as if nothing had happened in an international organization or the international community.”Jake Sullivan insisted.

China has already opposed excluding Moscow on Wednesday. “Russia is an important member and no member has the right to expel another.”, A Chinese diplomatic spokesman told the media. The Chinese government has withheld condemning Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. Beijing is approaching Moscow and shares an open hostility to Washington. Russia’s Indonesian ambassador has already announced that Jakarta has invited Vladimir Putin to the G20 summit in Bali in November.

Russia had already been suspended indefinitely from the G8 after the annexation of Crimea in 2014. After that, the group of the largest industrialized countries returned to the G7 format.

Humanitarian aid and refugee acceptance

Joe Biden will be announced on Thursday “Additional US Contributions” His adviser pointed out that humanitarian action in Ukraine and the welcome of millions of Ukrainians who fled the war. Humanitarian issues should be that too It will be discussed at the European Union Summit.

According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, more than 3.6 million refugees from Ukraine, mainly women and children, arrived in the European Union in four weeks. A flood of unprecedented speed since World War II. Poland, Austria, Cyprus, Czech Republic and Estonia are the EU countries facing. “To the biggest challenge” Regarding the acceptance of refugees, according to the European Commission.

Ilva Johansson of the European Immigration and Interior Commission has her service “index” Taking into account each of the 27 Ukrainian refugees received, last year the number of asylum seekers of all nationalities was added together, along with the size of the country. This “indicator” should serve as a reference in the context of discussions among Member States regarding the distribution of efforts related to refugee care. The subject is also on the agenda of the meeting of Ministers of Interior on Monday. Countries are currently coordinating on the European solidarity platform, identifying acceptance possibilities, and compulsory transfer assignments are not currently on the agenda.