“Slow Death Camp”, Leon’s Schwartz, Exile from Royal Lew

Royallieu photographed on February 23, 2008 through a glass stele engraved with the names of 45,000 people detained during World War II during detention and deportation monuments in Compiegne (Oise). A photo of the camp.

France 2 – Wednesday, March 23, 10:45 pm – Documentary

of 21, rue La Boétie (Grasset, 2012 / Livre de poche, 2013), journalist Anne Sinclair represents Picasso, Black, Leger and Matisse, her maternal grandfather who set up his gallery and office, and the famous art dealer Paul. -Mented Rosenberg (1881-1959) and returned home to this address in 1910.

In June 1940, Paul Rosenberg was a Jew and owned a vast collection of master paintings, so he managed to relocate to the United States at the Nazi crosshairs and his family from an anti-Semitic assault. I saved. This was not the case with Anne Saint-Claire’s other grandfather, Leon’s Schwartz (1878-1945). She followed her fate. Summary of notable things (Grasset, 2020 / Folio, 2021).

“Exploring the past of this family”

The journalist is a documentary narrator written and directed by Gabriel Le Bomin, who uses the title and storyline of his book. In a preface close to the published one, she wonders: “Why didn’t I explore this family sooner? Why didn’t my dad tell me this story? Missing many answers to the questions I didn’t ask, it’s I’m afflicted today. »»

At dawn on December 12, 1941, Leonschwartz was dragged out of bed by two French police officers and two German soldiers, and like the other 742 Jews, a riding school in Paris. I was taken to. They are business leaders like doctors, dentists, lawyers, scholars, intellectuals, artists, or Léonce Schwartz.

For many, these French are veterans. “300 of them have decorative titles, including the Legion of Honor.” Karen Tyve, Head of Archives for the Shore Memorial, says. Therefore, they are not (yet) worried about their situation, even if their detention condition is abominable.

Read again Articles reserved for subscribers Anne Saint Clair: “I didn’t have a family archive, so I went to investigate.”

But it’s nothing compared to what’s waiting for them at the Royal Lieu camp in Compiegne (Oise), which is the only one in France that is fully operated by the Nazis. They do not kill there, but they kill their inhabitants on hunger and cold by attempting hygiene. The prisoner writes a letter to his wife: “I also lost my bones”.. Survivor writer Jean-Jacques Bernard said of Compiegne: “Slow death camp”.

Books are forbidden, but some prisoners give lectures on their favorite subject, lyrical artists perform in chorus. 100 prisoners from Compiegne died during the first three months of detention. On March 27, 1942, the convoy left Compiegne for Auschwitz. Auschwitz was an extermination camp, with only 10% returning.

“The tragedy that my grandfather experienced, which was the main purpose of my research, is the urgency of sharing with more people the tragedy that 1000 French people experienced with him, especially known to experts. Was replaced by. “Writing Anne Saint Clair in her shocking research essay.

Leons Schwartz escapes from Auschwitz, but he dies in 1945 as a result of his stay in Compiegne. “But in his bed, not in the gas chamber”, Anne Saint-Clair commented in the film that she recreated the status of her research (archives, correspondence, prisoner’s notes) and visits to the camp. This is accompanied by the intervention of prominent historians (including Laurent Joly and Annette Wievi Orca).

Summary of notable thingsMovie written and directed by Gabriel Le Bomin (Fr., 2022, 52 min.) France 2