War in Ukraine: More than 10 million have been evacuated and Turkey is considering a “close” agreement

War in Ukraine-On the 25th day of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the humanitarian situation was “catastrophic” on Sunday, March 20, exacerbating in major cities in Ukraine affected by the Russian strike. According to the latest UN counts, more than a quarter of Ukraine’s population, 10 million, are currently being displaced, and Turkey guarantees that Russia and Ukraine are “close to OK.”

Find out below what’s happening at the scene of the war in Ukraine on the 25th day of the battle.

Evolution in the field

Russian troops bombed an art school in Mariupol, southeastern Ukraine, which acts as a shelter for hundreds of people, local authorities charged on Sunday, adding that civilians were trapped under rubble.

“Yesterday (Saturday), Russian occupiers dropped a bomb at the G12 Art School on the left bank of Mariupol, where 400 Mariupol residents (women, children and the elderly) were evacuated.” And the municipality of this port city is an army from Moscow.

“We know that the building has been destroyed and peaceful people are still under the rubble. The number of victims has been revealed,” she said in a statement posted on Telegram. Added in. These statements could not be immediately independently validated.

Mariupol, a strategic port in a city in southeastern Ukraine, has been bombed for several weeks and suffers from water, gas and electricity shortages. The family spent several days on the street with corpses, hunger, thirst, and a night in a sub-zero basement.

A group of 19 children, mainly orphans, are “extremely at risk” and are stuck in a sanatorium, and their guardians cannot get them back for combat, they said. Relatives and witnesses told AFP on Saturday.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky said in a speech on Sunday that “imposing such a thing on a peaceful city (…) is an act of horror that will be remembered in the next century.” The siege of Mariupol “will go down in history to answer war crimes,” he said.

According to Moscow, Russia was the first in the conflict to use hypersonic missiles in Ukraine. It is a type of weapon that counters all anti-aircraft defense systems. The Russian Defense Ministry said on Saturday that it used a new “Kinjar” hypersonic missile the day before to destroy an underground weapons warehouse in the western part of the country.

“Unfortunately, Ukraine has become a test site for all Russian missile weapons,” Ukrainian Air Force spokesman Yuri Ignat told the Ukrayinska Pravda website.

This Sunday, Russia announced that it had used this type of missile again. This time, it destroyed the Ukrainian army’s fuel stockpile in the southern part of the country. “A large amount of fuel was destroyed by’Caribbean’cruise missiles launched from the Caspian Sea and hypersonic ballistic missiles launched by the’Kinjar’air system from Crimea’s airspace,” the Pentagon said in a press. rice field. Release without specifying the date of this strike.

According to Ukrainian officials, the Azofustal steel and metallurgical plant in Mariupol, Europe’s largest, was severely damaged by the bombardment.

“One of Europe’s largest metallurgical plants has been destroyed. Ukraine’s economic loss is enormous,” said MP Resia Bashrenko, who posted a video on her Twitter account showing a thick pillar of smoke rising from an industrial zone. Told. Another MP, Serhiy Taruta, wrote on his Facebook page that the Russian army surrounding Mariupol “virtually destroyed the factory.”

Enver Tskitishvili, managing director of Azovstal, said in a video message posted on Telegram that his company has taken precautions at the plant to prevent damage to the plant since the start of the Russian invasion on February 24. I did.

“Batteries in coke ovens are no longer life-threatening for the inhabitants, and we have properly shut down the blast furnace,” he said. “We will return to the city, rebuild and revive the business,” he promised without specifying the extent of the damage.

Mariupol’s Azofustal factory belongs to the Metinvest Group, which is managed by the wealthiest man in Ukraine, Rinat Akhmetov.

For the British Ministry of Defense, Russia “has failed to gain control of the airspace and is relying heavily on ranged weapons launched from relatively safe areas of Russian airspace to attack its targets. In Ukraine,” he presses. Analyzed in release.

According to the Ukrainian Ministry of Defense, the Russian army, which was more difficult than expected to advance on the ground in the face of fierce resistance from Ukraine, has carried out 291 missile attacks and 1,403 air raids since the invasion began. February 24th.

Diplomacy and sanctions

Turkey confirmed on Sunday that Russia and Ukraine had advanced negotiations to end Russia’s aggression and approached an agreement. Turkey’s Foreign Minister Mevrut Chabsogur visited Russia and Ukraine this week.

Turkey, a NATO member, is stepping up its mediation efforts between Moscow and Kyiv, refusing to coordinate with Western sanctions against Russia. Ukraine said it was ready to host a meeting between Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky and Russian President Vladimir Putin.

France has fixed Russia’s oligarch assets (yachts, apartments, bank accounts) on its territory for nearly 850 million euros, Bruno Le Maire, Grand Jury RTL / Le Figaro / LCI Minister of Economy and Finance, said on Sunday.

Faced with the continuation of deadly bombardment and the drag of negotiations-the fourth round between Kyiv and Moscow was held on Monday-the Ukrainian president urged him to stand up in Beijing.

A strategic ally of Moscow and a permanent member of the UN Security Council, China is one of the major absentees alongside India due to the criticism and sanctions chorus that has fallen on Russia.

“If China supports the coalition of civilized nations and makes the right decision to condemn Russia’s barbarism, China can become an important part of the world’s security system,” said Zelensky’s adviser. Russia.

According to the White House, US President Joe Biden met with China’s Xi Jinping on Friday to explain “the consequences of China’s provision of material support to Russia.” However, according to Chinese television, Xi Jinping remained ambiguous and only emphasized that the military conflict “does not benefit anyone.”

Human damage

Filippo Grandi of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees said that 10 million people, who make up more than a quarter of Ukraine’s population, are “internally displaced or refugees abroad” due to Russia’s “catastrophic” war. He said he had been displaced.

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) said on Sunday that more than 3.3 million Ukrainians have left the country and 60,352 have gone on their way out since the invasion of Russia began.

About 90% of those who escape are women and children. Men between the ages of 18 and 60 can make phone calls and cannot leave.

The wife of the President of Ukraine, Olena Zelenska, has called on the World Council of Churches, an organization representing 580 million Christians around the world, to help organize the “True Humanitarian Corridor.”

“But the occupiers continue to block humanitarian aid, especially around sensitive areas. It’s a well-known tactic. (…) It’s a war crime,” Volodymyr Zelensky said on Saturday. ..

According to Ukrainian officials, 6,623 people fled through the humanitarian corridor on Saturday, of which 4,128 fled Mariupol and 1,820 fled Kyiv. Since February 24, more than 3.2 million Ukrainians have been on the road to asylum, nearly two-thirds of them heading to Poland. Sometimes it’s just the stage before you continue to escape.

UNICEF, the UN Children’s Fund, said more than 1.5 million children were among those fleeing abroad and warned that the risks of trafficking and exploitation they faced were “realistic and growing.” ..

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) of the United Nations also reported that as of Wednesday, 162,000 third-country citizens had fled Ukraine to neighboring countries.

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