Why is Putin talking about Ukraine’s “denazification”?

The rhetoric of the Russian President when he announced a “military operation” in Ukraine is not insignificant. Experts analyze this vocabulary.

“Genocide”, “denazification”. Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the start of a “military operation” using a particular vocabulary in a surprising television speech overnight from Wednesday to Thursday.

“We strive to achieve denazification and denazification in Ukraine,” said the Kremlin Master. He also promised to “bring to court many criminal offenders responsible for the bloodshed of civilians, especially Russian citizens.”

Earlier this week, when he acknowledged the independence of pro-Russian separatists in Ukraine, Vladimir Putin had already declared: These fears did not exist for the genocide that suffered 4 million people. For Russian leaders, Kiev will eradicate Russian speakers in Donbus, a region of eastern Ukraine that borders Russia.

“There is absolutely no genocide in Ukraine”

when Emmanuel Macron condemned Moscow’s perception of the independence of the separatist regionElysee accuses Russian leaders of “idealistic drift”, He even calls his speech “delusional”..

In fact, “Ukraine has absolutely no genocide,” guarantees BFMTV.com Cécile Vaissié, a Russian and Soviet university professor at the University of Rennes II. If the War in Donbas killed 14,000 people, including both Ukrainian and separatist civilians, we are still far from genocide-to remind us, the term “crimes against humanity is complete.” Will be destroyed or a country, ethnicity, race or religious group “, According to Larousse.

According to Cecil Weissier, the term serving Vladimir Putin’s propaganda: the purpose of Russian leaders is to attack violently, mark the spirit and instill suspicion. “This allows him to justify an attack that violates all the rules of international law and all the treaties signed by Russia.”

According to experts, a typical KGB strategy. “It was in the principle of this intelligence agency in the Soviet Union: take out something huge, it will inevitably leave a mark,” the scholar added.

“War of disinformation”

Julien Théron, a Conflict and International Security teacher at Science Po Paris, shares the same analysis. “It should be remembered that the war of disinformation is described in the KGB’s war manual and Vladimir Putin is one of the former senior officers,” he explains to BFMTV.com.

Rhetoric that started in December. Thus, Russian leaders say during a meeting with the Presidential Council for Human Rights that the population of eastern Ukraine suffers from “Russophobia” until it evokes a “first step to genocide.” Told to.

“Putin” tested “the word genocide because he regularly tests military defense by sending aircraft into NATO airspace. Occasionally, even strategic bombers that can carry nuclear weapons by blocking them from transponders will be identifiable by radar. ) ”, Add Julien Théron.

Opposite of silence

Vladimir Putin also accuses Ukraine of banning Russian. In fact, Kiev does not prohibit speaking Russian. Russian is widely practiced throughout the country. However, recent legislation imposes Ukrainian on government and the media.

“He calls it anti-Russian law, which is ridiculous and ridiculous,” said Cecil Vaissier. “Everyone in Ukraine speaks Russian. In fact, in Vladimir Putin’s propaganda, every country that wanted to leave his position was called a fascist. It’s always the same rhetoric.”

The arousal of Ukraine’s “denazification” is regularly featured as a “neonazi” state, especially on Russian state television. As Arte said last year References are not trivial. Vocabulary is always chosen to resonate and vibrate the sensitive past.

“Each family became a bereaved family during World War II,” recalls Julian Teron. “This is a true monument with strong connections across generations. For Vladimir Putin, these references enable a transition from patriotism to nationalism.”

“Conquer your own people”

University professor Cécile Vaissié agrees. “He took advantage of the trauma of history and rewrote it by praising a particular past, especially the victory of 1945.” Ignoring the Great Purge and the German Soviet Agreement. “

It goes without saying that the term “denazification” reveals other trends in the head of cremin. “Americans have said that Moscow has a list of required personalities,” points out researcher Julian Teron. “Some people have shouted caution. If Russia occupies Ukraine, I think there will be an announcement of the purge.” Silence all forms of opposition, both within the university, in the administration, in the media and in politics. ..

But for Russian expert Cecil Vaissier, the message is directed to both Russian neighbors and the Russian people.

“This is a way to give in to the Ukrainians and conquer not only their neighbors but also his own. He has always been afraid of revolutionary, democratic challenges. All those who oppose him do so. It’s also about telling the Russians what to do. It’s broken, it’s broken. He’s modeled after Ukraine. “